Coconut Development Board State Centre and DSP Farm, Pitapally, Odisha has organized World Coconut Day at IMAGE Conference Hall, Siripur, Bhubaneswar on 2nd September 2012. Dr.S.K.Chaddha, IFS, Director of Horticulture, Government of Odisha was the Chief Guest and presided over by Prof.P.C.Lenka, Director (Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation), OUAT, Bhubaneswar in the inaugural function. Sri.Jagannath Sahani, Director of Agriculture (Retd), Govt. of Odisha and Dr H.S.Singh, Head, Central Horticultural Experiment Station, Bhubaneswar were the Guests of Honour. Sri.K.Debnath, Deputy Director i/c, CDB State Centre delivered the welcome address and explained the importance of World Coconut Day, being the foundation day of the APCC. More than 150 Department officials and farmers participated in the function.
In the inaugural address, Dr.S.K.Chaddha IFS, Director of Horticulture advised the coconut farmers of the State to utilize the assistance provided by the Board for increasing the area under coconut cultivation as well as improving the productivity of the existing plantations. He also stressed for establishment of coconut based industries in the State for value-addition of coconut particularly packaging and preservation of tender coconut water, virgin coconut oil, activated carbon etc. for increasing the income from the coconut cultivation. He requested the Board for arranging 2000 Nos. of palm climbing machines for distribution to the coconut farmers in the State. He appreciated the efforts taken by the Board in celebrating the World Coconut Day in a befitting manner by organizing a training programme for the field level officers of the Department of Horticulture and farming community of the State. Sri.Jagannath Sahani, Director of Agriculture (Retd), Govt. of Odisha advised that stringent measures should be taken during procurement of seed nuts as well as coconut seedlings either in Odisha or from other states for providing the best quality seedlings to the farming community. Dr H.S.Singh, Head, Central Horticultural Experiment Station, ICAR, Bhubaneswar has given importance for adopting different intercrops in the coconut garden for increasing the income per unit area. He also stressed to give attention for controlling the Eriophyid Mite in Odisha. Due to attack of the mite, the size and quality of the nuts are being deteriorated. In the Presidential address, Prof.P.C.Lenka has appealed to the farming community for adopting the latest technology on coconut cultivation and advised to increase the area under coconut as Odisha is one of the most potential coconut growing states in India. Besides traditional coastal districts, other interior districts like Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, Nayagarh etc. may be considered for new plantations. An exhibition stall was also arranged by displaying different products and byproducts of coconut for disseminating the importance of coconuts. The participants were very much pleased by visiting the exhibition stall. Smt.Swapna Surendran, Technical Officer, CDB State Centre proposed the Vote of Thanks. The inaugural session was followed by Technical Session.
The technical session was chaired by Prof.P.C.Lenka, Director (Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation), OUAT, Bhubaneswar. Prof.H.P.Patnaik, Dept of Agricultural Entomology, College of Agriculture, OUAT, Bhubaneswar gave a detailed account on Integrated Management of Insects-Pests of Coconut with special reference to Black Headed Caterpillar and Eriophyid Mite in Odisha. Dr.S.C.Sahoo, Scientist-in-charge, AICRP on Palms, OUAT, Bhubaneswar delivered a lecture on Coconut Nursery Management and Establishment of a Good Coconut Plantation. Dr.S.S.Mohapatra, Associate Professor, College of Agriculture, OUAT, Bhubaneswar delivered a presentation on integrated management of diseases of coconut in Odisha. Sri.S.B.Das, Deputy Director (Planning), Department of Horticulture explained about various state sector schemes on coconut in Odisha. Sri.Khokan Debnath, Deputy Director i/c, CDB State Centre made a presentation on schemes of Coconut Development Board and formation of Coconut Producer Societies in Odisha.
After detailed deliberations in the Technical Session and interface with the progressive coconut farmers, the following recommendations have been made for favour of consideration and needful action:
- Stringent measures should be adopted for procurement of seed coconuts as well as coconut seedlings within the state as well as from outside the state. Seedlings should not be procured from the disease affected areas of Andhra Pradesh, where Tatipaka disease is prevalent.
- Seed nuts for Odisha may be procured locally as the local Sakhigopal Tall is one of the most performing cultivars of coconut in Odisha.
- Farmers should go for local Sakhigopal Tall, Tiptur Tall and West Coast Tall varieties for commercial cultivation. Dwarfs mainly Ganga Bondam, Malayan Green Dwarf, Chowgat Green Dwarf and Chowgat Yellow Dwarf may be planted for tender nut purpose and hybridization programme.
- Since harvesting of matured nuts is a big problem, Coconut Development Board in collaboration with Director of Horticulture should start Friends of Coconut Trees Training in Odisha.
- Director of Horticulture in association with Coconut Development Board should procure about 2000 Nos. of palm climbing machines from the Regional Agro Industrial Development Co-operative Ltd (RAIDCO), Kannur, Kerala and Kerala Agro Industries Development Co-operation Ltd. (KAICO), Trivandrum, Kerala immediately and distribute in the coconut growing areas at subsidized rates.
- Some of the farmers from Puri district intimated that monkey is a big problem for coconut cultivation in the area. So Government should take some measures to control the menace of monkeys in the problematic districts.
- Coconut Development Board should provide quality coconut seedlings to the farmers at reasonable rates.
- The schemes of the Coconut Development Board, mainly Area Expansion Programme, Laying Out of Demonstration Plots and Organic Manure Units should be implemented at the grass root level directly by the Board
- The Area Expansion Programme may be implemented in non-traditional districts of Odisha like Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar, Nayagarh along with the coastal districts for increasing the production and productivity of the State.
- More focus should be given for processing and value addition of coconuts viz. Virgin Coconut Oil, Preservation and Packaging of Tender Coconut Water, Activated carbon etc. for increasing the price of the coconut at farmers’ field.